The 2015 earthquake in Nepal unraveled the economic development that had been accomplished prior to the earthquake. This is one reason why we have focused our efforts on strengthening people’s resilience towards the effects of future disasters. We are helping to develop the ability of individuals, households, and communities to foresee and prepare for a similar situation in the future. We do our best to help locals to secure their livelihoods and to rebuild infrastructure so it will not be compromised during future natural disasters.
Moreover, PIN has focused on supporting the most vulnerable communities through projects aimed at strengthening their resilience and ability to cope with unexpected external shocks. Together with our partners, we have built foot trails and foot bridges, helped reconstruct earthquake-resilient shelter and facilitated the voluntary resettlement of families at risk of landslides.
Pratibadhha II: Together for Disaster Preparedness and Early Action in landslide affected hilly regions of Nepal
At first, the project entails engaging municipality representatives, communities at risk, and key stakeholders across three tiers of the government to commit and work together. This includes supporting the local government in decision making through categorization of settlements as per the guidelines set by the Government of Nepal into CAT II in need of mitigation, and CAT III in need of relocation. Alongside, the project will implement nature-based solutions for landslide mitigation, raising awareness, and advocating for better preparedness for landslides.
Secondly, the project focuses on localizing forecasting, and developing early action protocols to strengthen the capacity of local government and at-risk communities for early action. The activities will facilitate knowledge exchange among experts and practitioners on landslide forecasting and early warning system.
Additionally, Pratibaddha II will contribute to broader topics that are fundamental for the Government of Nepal to be better prepared in case of future humanitarian crisis in hill areas of Nepal. It seeks to advocate for effective early action by leveraging the governmental Social Protection programs. The project will collate knowledge, understanding and evidences for Shock Responsive Social Protection.Through all these activities, the project will demonstrate different opportunities for risk reduction and preparedness for response in Nepal’s hilly areas.
The consortium will ensure that affected people are adequately informed about the relevant policies, households have the documents needed to access government designed solutions, and are supported to enroll in relocation programs and to apply for the Rural Housing Reconstruction Grant. This work will be managed through a secure data management system. Moreover, we will focus on building the resilience of displaced and relocated households to make sure they have a reasonable life-chance following their relocation. This shall be done through Her Safety training, which focuses on empowering women and girls to address their protection needs through the formation of (mostly female) groups called Safety Committees and through tailored training on sexual and reproductive health, gender and sexual violence, safe foreign employment, financial management, and emotional wellbeing and conditional cash grants to those groups.
People in Need and its consortium partners propose to implement a community-driven reconstruction program that will address and mitigate those barriers to reconstruction by offering tailored socio-technical assistance according to the specific barriers experienced at a household and community level. The assistance will vary from access to technical consultations by the engineer, builder trainers, and on-the-job trainings, to provision of skilled masons and carpenters, construction tools or material and transportation cost subsidization in remote areas and facilitation of exchange of labor through community reconstruction groups. The target locations will be selected based on the reconstruction progress and the vulnerability of the population, prioritizing the vulnerable households as per the Nepal Reconstruction Authority guidelines.
Support of Returnees and Displaced Households
The project benefitted 1,500 individuals, who were employed through cash for work programming, supported by technical training and micro cash grants/in-kind for livelihood recovery, or received winterization support. In particular, women were direct beneficiaries. Aid recipients for livelihood recovery support (cash grants) were the most vulnerable households, especially from IDP camps and returnees.
Unnat Goreto: Resilient Trails for Resilient Futures
The project reconstructed over 125 km of trails, 9 footbridges, and 15 rest areas and at least 800 meters of handrails along with the hazardous areas in remote Himalayan villages by employing over 2,000 residents from the communities. Over 1 million GBP has been dispersed in the local communities through employment. The project provided local residents with temporary jobs, helped revitalize their local economies, and improved access to the entire region. Local people were able to invest in the reconstruction of their houses, livelihood, and their children’s education.
Supporting Durable Solutions
PIN’s protection team conducted training on sexual and reproductive health, gender and sexual violence, safe foreign employment, financial management and emotional wellbeing. As part of the trainings, the Committee mapped out risks in their communities, looking especially at safety risks for women and girls. Once they identified these risks, the Committees were given small cash grants to implement their own solutions.
Czech Radio Relief and Reconstruction Program
Thanks to the financial support of the Czech Radio Foundation, a new school is being built in Baruwa village. All the five schools of this village were destroyed in the earthquake and are merely running under temporary learning centers (TLC). That worsened access to quality education for kids from the community and most of them attend other schools, which are difficult to access. Ganesh Basic School will help bridge this gap. Local people have been mobilized to participate in the construction of the building. Besides an earthquake resistant school building, adequate classroom furniture will be provided: desks, benches, black/white boards, office furniture and chairs.
For this reason, PIN works directly with local governments and community groups to carry out reconstruction works, providing them with the necessary training and technical support whenever necessary. Moreover PIN provides communities by trainings in DRR (Disaster Risk Reduction) and gives technical consultancy to help reduce disaster risks through systematic efforts. PIN aims to see various livelihoods, such as farming, livestock rearing, carpet production, and blacksmiths restored to functionality through the replacement of vital assets, such as tools and machines, and the provision of additional trainings whenever required.
Pratibaddha (Risk-Informed Landslide Management of Nepal's Hill Areas)
First, engaging local authorities and disaster management bodies in a series of capacity-building programs using innovative hazard and risk-mapping tools, as well as through awareness-raising campaigns and workshops for local user committees, private contractors, engineers, and relevant stakeholders to enhance their knowledge of hazards, risks, and human disturbance.
Second, the action will design and deliver innovative participatory programs for at-risk communities using custom-built 3D topographic maps and landslide models to increase understanding of physical hazards and practical ways to incorporate risk-informed planning such as through improved land use and mitigation measures at local level planning.
Third, the action will seek to raise awareness of and advocate for effective landslide management at the national level through facilitating exposure visits to “champion” municipalities to encourage cooperation and information sharing between local and national authorities. Additionally, thematic events around innovations and best practices in landslide management will be organized at the national level focusing on local experiences, challenges, and opportunities.
Through these results, the action will seek to establish an innovative model for landslide management that can be replicable, affordable, and scalable into other parts of Nepal.